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Lev Nikolayevich Gumilyov was a Soviet historian, ethnologist, anthropologist and translator from Persian. He had a reputation for his highly non-orthodox theories of ethnogenesis . Москва: Наука. The Hsiung-nu in China (); Ethnogenesis and the Biosphere of Earth (); Ancient Rus and the Great Steppe (). This chapter discusses Gumilev’s theory of ethnogenesis. Generally speaking, ethnogenesis proceeded in the following manner. At certain historical moments. Ethnogenesis and the Biosphere of Earth has 98 ratings and 9 reviews.

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The information of the sources was sometimes confirmed, but tests by other ways sometimes refuted them.

But in the fates of Iran and Central Asia diverged. That, of course, separated them from the ‘Franks and ‘Latins’, i.

Ethnogenesis, Passionarnost′, and the Biosphere – Cornell Scholarship

History is the study of processes taking place in time, but what that time is nobody knows. For when people quit a biospheee land, the ditches begin to silt up, and the river again cuts a channel, and fills a natural depression.

A religious comprehension of history as a striving for the Absolute arose initially from this conception, and then an atheistic ‘religion of progress’. There is a need for a definition.

Ethnogenesis, Passionarnost′, and the Biosphere

I therefore see it as my job to pay what honour I can to Beautiful Lady History, without whom no people can exist, and to her Wise Sister Geography, who creates people’s bond with their ancestress, the Biosphere of Planet Earth. In both cases, however, we come up against an ethnos as a really existing phenomenon, although the reason for its origin is not clear.

Hence, too, a hypothesis arose that ascribed the almost total annihilation of the population of the lands conquered by Genghis-khan, and the complete alteration of the landscape, to his hordes, which by no means corresponds to the truth.


A feral dog becomes a wild animal, the dingo, and a feral horse a mustang.

They were splendid hunters, made spears and javelins, dressed in clothes of animal skins, and drew no worse than the Parisian Impressionists.

The grandees of course live worse than me, but better than the dihaans, and they better than the urban craftsmen, but these live ethhogenesis than the peasants who live better, than the slaves; but the slaves live better than the criminals in prison who are better off bisphere those condemned to death, and those who are hanged are better off than those who are impaled. But Constantinople stands as before, and in the Church of St.

To call a country inhabited by Indo-Europeans who have learned to understand Turkish speech ‘Turkestan’ is stupid. One can only speak of uncompleted processes for purposes of forecasting, but for that we have to have a formula of regularity available – the same as the one we are looking for. As soon as a native of Hindustan was converted to Muhammedanism, he ceased to be a Hindu since he became an outcast or renegade for his fellow-countrymen and fell into the category of untouchables.

The answer has to be sought in historiography rather than in the history of peoples. Ethnoi are formed by various means, and our task is to find the common pattern in that.

The eunuchs take bribes, knowing quite well how short the giver’s career will be. But this result is negative and therefore not conclusive.

Don’t have an account? But all around the capital, on both sides of the Bosphorus, on the sun-drenched hills of Thrace and Bithynia goats grazed, cicadas chirped, and sunburnt peasants pruned grapevines or gathered olives from rented allotments or in the fields of the landowners.

Lev Gumilev. “Ethnogenesis and the Biosphere”. Chapter 1

Search my Subject Specializations: But that pattern has also governed other peoples. The numerous European renegades broke down this unity in the nineteenth century, and formed the Young Turks in Paris.

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The Weps, Udmurts, Karelians, and Chuvash, let us note, still speak their our languages at home, but study Russian in school, and on quitting their villages are practically indistinguishable from Russians.

Because the present is only a moment, instantaneously becoming the past. Unfortunately, there are no pointers to a possible method of research. But it seemed as unbreakable as a rock, because all its elements were so complicated that any reorganization would prove fatal. Toulouse was a worthy rival of Paris and Rome. The outlook there was very gloomy.

Ethnogenesis and the Biosphere of Earth

That is all the more strange since its geographical frontiers are very exactly delineated, the physical and climatic conditions within it are original and unique, the population numerous, and long concerned with culture. The conquered pastures became deserts fthnogenesis their very eyes.

According to the principle I have adopted, the Sikhs should be regarded as a rising ethnos counterposed to Hindus. Classical, Early, and Medieval Poetry and Poets: According to the theory of historical materialism, the spontaneous development of the productive forces causes changes in the relations of production which generates a dialectical process of class formation that are transformed by processes of class abolition. Let me begin with the last thesis. Let us now assume that three historians are discussing a problem, one of them investing the concept ‘gens’ with the sense of clan, the second of seok, the third of the boyar family.