Title in English: Termodynamika a statistická fyzika II. Guaranteed by: Institute of J. Kvasnica: Statistická fyzika: Academia, Praha, L. E. Reichl: A Modern. Title in English: Termodynamika a statistická fyzika. Guaranteed by: Institute of J. Kvasnica: Statistická fyzika (Academia, Praha, ). M. Noga, F. Čulík: Úvod. Kvasnica Statistická Fyzika Ed1 – Ebook download as PDF File .pdf) or read book online.
However, the main part of the course is mostly based on the classical thermodynamics. Charles University Information system of Charles University http: The interpretation of basic ideas and laws of thermodynamics is based on its statistical description. Relationships between partition functions and thermodynamic quantities.
Statistical Mechanics, 2nd edition, J. Basic concepts of statidtick, the state of thermodynamic equilibrium, the first and second postulate of thermodynamics.
The lecture aims to give an overview fyzkia basic concepts, methods and results of classical thermodynamics and statistical physics. Literature – Czech English.
Concepts of probability kvaasnica and mathematical statistics in statistical physics. Asymmetric diatomic gas, vacancies in solid, Gibbs paradox. Cambridge University Press, Gas of classical interacting particles Interacting dilute gas, classical cluster, group, and virial expansion. Third law of thermodynamics.
University Study Programmes – VŠB-TUO
Gibbs – Helmholtz equation. Measurement of macroscopic parameters temperature, heat capacity, compressibility and relations between it. Transport phenomena, Boltzmann kinetic equation. Annotation – Czech English. Time evolution of probability density. Classification of phase transitions. Quasistatic and reversible processes.
Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. Statistische Physik, Zimmermann-Neufang, Ulmen The course is oriented on classical thrmodynamics and statistical physics. Ideal Bose-Einstein gas Chemical potential, Bose-Einstein condensation, superfluidity, the phonon gas, Einstein-Debye model of solids, photon gas, black body radiation.
Meeting with international participation. Quantum statistical mechanics Postulates of quantum statistical mechanics, density matrix, statistical ensembles, the third law of thermodynamics, statistical sum, the saddle point method, the classical limit, ideal quantum gases, Bose and Fermi distribution The theory of fluctuations and equivalence of kvasnca ensembles Moments of distribution functions, correlation functions, quadratic correlations, Gibbs and Einstein’s method, thermodynamic limit and equivalence of statistical ensembles, the relation of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics.
Free expansion of a gas. Fluctuation theory, equivalence of statistical ensembles.
Force, work, and heat. Classical thermodynamics, extensive and intensive variables, heat engines, Carnot cycle, thermodynamic potentials, their properties and significance, thermodynamic relations, partial derivatives, Maxwell relations, relations involving cV and cP, electrical cell.
Statistical calculation of thermodynamic quantities. Ideal Bose and Fermi gas. First-order phase transitions, phase diagram. The first law of thermodynamics, heat capacity.
Course succeeds to compulsory courses of previous semester. Collect the basic principles of thermodynamics and statistical physics Define the physical quantities for describing statistical ensembles with great numer of particles Apply the simple mathematical methods for describing of the thermodynamic phenomene Interpret the knowlidges from the mathematical statistics for solving of statistical physical problems.
Microcanonical ensemble, equipartition and virial theorem, Gibbs paradox.
Kvasnica, Jozef [WorldCat Identities]
Classical limit of quantum theory, Liouville theorem, density matrix, Liouville equation, equipartition theorem, fermions, bosons.
Energy, entropy, magnetic moment, pressure. Dependence of thermodynamic potentials of the number of particles in the system. Requirements to the exam – Czech. Reversible and irreversible processes, the criterion of reversibility of the process. Systems with variable contents, Grand canonical Gibbs distribution, chemical potential, grand partition function sumFermi-Dirac distribution, Bose-Einstein distribution, electron gas, Planck distribution, Debye theory of heat capacity.
University Study Programmes
The second law of thermodynamics. The canonical Gibbs ensemble.
Correlation functions and response functions, fluctuation-dissipation theorem. The relation of thermodynamics, statistical physics and mechanics, phase space, microstate and macrostate, statistical ensemble, time and ensemble averaging, kvasncia, homogeneous and heterogeneous systems, thermodynamic equilibrium, energy in thermodynamic systems, adiabatic processes, reversible and dissipative work, First law of thermodynamics, Second law of thermodynamics.
Exescises are available at http: Syllabus – Czech English. Probability description, distribution function, density of states, kinetic master equation, ergodic assumption, the principle of detailed balance.
Charles University Information system of Charles University http: Fundamentals of statistical and thermal physics. Annotation – Czech English. Microstates, macrostates, ensemble of systems.